Border Terriers are small dogs with rough coats that were originally bred to hunt foxes.
Body: Hound-like with a strong neck and long shoulders
Coat: Wiry outer coat with a soft undercoat
Color: Grizzle and tan, blue and tan, red grizzle, and sometimes wheaten
Ears: Small and v-shaped, falling forward and sitting close to the cheeks
Eyes: Dark hazel and keenly alert
Feet: Thickly padded
Head: Otter-like in shape with a moderately broad skull. They have a strong head with short, powerful jowls
Legs: Forelegs are straight and moderately boned. Hind legs are sturdy with round thighs and well bent stiffles
Neck: Medium length and well muscled
Weight: 11.5 – 15 pounds (5 – 7kg)
Height: 10 – 11 inches (25 – 28cm)
Tail: Moderately short, thick at the base and tapered
- Recommended for experienced handlers
- Good with children if older and respectful of them
- Adapts easily to city life
- Tireless diggers
At home, the Border Terrier is a good-natured, and mild-mannered dog who, in contrast, is very serious, courageous, and hard working in the field. This is an athletic dog that loves rough play, high-energy exercise and challenging games.
Border Terriers are best kept on a leash or in a secure area else their determination to explore will take over. Of all the breeds, except perhaps the Jack Russell Terrier, the Border Terrier is considered to be the most determined to follow their explorative nature.
Dogs of this breed are known to be fighters if they take a dislike to other dogs and animals which is another reason to keep them under the control of a lead or enclosure. Once they get a taste of the run, they will be very difficult to keep from escaping for another adventure.
Though they are not good with other pets like cats, rabbits, and smaller breeds of dogs, they do like to be with other similarly bred dogs such as Border Collies and Spaniels. Some are good with the family cat but, for the cat’s sake, don’t take any chances until you are certain of it.
Due to their origins requiring them to have a very independent nature, you will find that they may not always respond instantly to obedience commands. You will clearly get the signal that they are pre-occupied at the moment and will obey your command in a few minutes.
AKC Group: Terrier Group
The Border Terrier was originally bred to hunt and kill fox who were killing the farmers poultry and livestock. They are tireless when hunting their prey and, once caught, they will muster up enough additional energy to attack, or even, go to ground (if the fox goes underground) to finish the kill.
They are capable of withstanding harsh weather conditions allowing them to work in the damp and cold regions of England and Scotland. Along with fox, they have also hunted badger, marten, and otter.
Life Expectancy: 12 – 15 Years
A healthy breed with a high tolerance for pain
- Eye problems – Glaucoma and/or luxation of the crystalline lens
- Heart defects
- Hip problems
- Low Thyroid
- Luxating Patella
When serving them meat, be sure to chop it into small pieces to prevent them from choking if they swallow too quickly.